Following is a list of participating schools, with the number of consecutive bowl game appearances given in parentheses:
The following schools have been to bowls in three consecutive seasons:
Air Force, Arkansas, Central Michigan, Florida, Louisiana Tech,
Memphis, N. C. State, Penn State, TCU, Tennessee, Toledo,
Utah, West Virginia, Western Kentucky, Western Michigan
The following schools went to bowls after the 2015 and 2016 seasons, but not 2014:
Appalachian State, Indiana, Michigan, Middle Tennessee, New Mexico, Northwestern,
Ohio, South Florida, Southern Mississippi, Temple, Tulsa, Washington State
That takes care of the 59 schools who sent teams to bowl games in both 2015 and 2016.
Listed below are the other 21 schools who were in a 2016 bowl, but who did not go bowling the year before,
with the number of years missing a bowl appearance in parentheses. (Note: If a school's last bowl appearance
was N years ago, then that school has played N–1 seasons without a bowl appearance.)
The following schools went to a bowl at the end of the 2014 season, but not since then:
East Carolina, Fresno State, Illinois, Missouri, Rice, Rutgers, Texas, UTEP.
The following schools went to a bowl at the end of the 2013 season, but not since then:
Ball State, Buffalo, Oregon State, Syracuse, Tulane, UNLV.
The following schools went to a bowl at the end of the 2012 season, but not since then:
Iowa State, Kent State, Louisiana-Monroe, Purdue, SMU.
The following schools went to a bowl at the end of the 2011 season, but not since then:
Florida International, Virginia.
The following schools went to a bowl at the end of the 2008 season, but not since then:
Florida Atlantic, Kansas.
That leaves 4 schools who have yet to go bowling in the 21st century:
New Mexico State (1960 Sun Bowl)
Charlotte, Massachusetts, Texas State
The Media Guide for UMass gives its last bowl appearance as the 1972 Boardwalk Bowl.